protections for Klamath spring salmon. Klamath spring
chinook a candidate for CESA listing
Herald and News February 8,
SACRAMENTO — Wednesday, the
California Fish and Game Commission made Klamath-Trinity
Spring Chinook salmon a candidate for listing under the
California Endangered Species Act (CESA).
decision was in response to a petition filed last year by
the Karuk Tribe and the Salmon River Restoration Council. A
final decision to list the species will be made within 12
months; in the meantime Klamath-Trinity Spring Chinook will
be afforded all the protections of a listed species.
will include fishing restrictions, according to a press
release from the Karuk Tribe and Salmon River Restoration
move by the Fish and Game Commission forces California to
restrict fishing to protect the fish, however, the Tribe and
council want to work with fishermen and the agency to
develop common sense fishing regulations.
is a population of hatchery born spring Chinook on the
Trinity River that can and should be fished,” said Karuk
Tribe Executive Director Joshua Saxon.
Researchers at the University of California, Davis led by
Michael Miller, recently published two reports in the
journal Science Advances and the Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences that explains the genetic differences
between fall Chinook and spring Chinook.
research provides new insights into salmon evolution and
reveals that spring Chinook salmon deserve to be treated as
its own evolutionarily distinct unit separate from fall
the age of dams, industrial mining, and clear-cut logging,
spring Chinook salmon were the most abundant run of salmon
in many Pacific Northwest Rivers, the release said. Today,
these fish are nearly extinct throughout much of its
fish have been on the brink of extinction for years,” said
Saxon, “but no one believed us when we said they were a
distinct species from fall Chinook until now.”
Chinook enter rivers in the spring when snow melt swells
rivers allowing the fish travel into the upper reaches of a
watershed. Then they must reside in cold water areas all
summer until they spawn and die in the fall.
Chinook migrate into rivers in the fall where they spawn and
die relatively soon after entering fresh water. Having two
life strategies allow Chinook to take advantage of the
entire watershed instead of just the upper or lower reaches.
This behavioral diversity enhances the chances of long-term
survival for the entire population.
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